The Species Recovery Trust,

37 Albany Road, Salisbury SP1 3YQ

Tel: 01722 322539

Copyright 2019 Species Recovery Trust, All rights reserved.

Registered Charity Number 1146387

site by TAWNY

THE SPECIES

Our aim is to save fifty species by the year 2050 and you can help us achieve this!

Learn about our wonderful Species Ambassadors 

ANIMALS TO SAVE

New Forest Cicada

Common in the rest of Europe this Cicada is the last of its kind in the UK.

  • Rarity: Now confined to the New Forest in Hampshire, with some concerns for its continued existence.

  • Cause of decline: Change in habitat and weather patterns. Extreme isolation of remaining populations.

Cicindela campestris - Green Tiger Beetle

A large, bright green beetle with creamy-white spots on its wing cases.

  • Rarity: Common, but potentially threatened by the decline in quality and extent of heathland.

Decticus verrucivorus - Wart-biter

A large dark green cricket with visible dark blotches on the upper body.

  • Rarity: In Great Britain it is extremely localised and restricted to southern England where just five populations are now known.

  • Cause of decline:The animals require a complex mixture of bare ground and long and short turf – either on chalk downland or heathland. Both these habitats, and the forms of management which produce these specific conditions have declined, along with several insects that rely on them.

Erotides cosnardi - Cosnard's Net-winged Beetle

A rare saproxylic beetle, found only in the Wye Gorge/Forest of Dean area and the South Downs.

  • Rarity: 3 sites in England and Wales

  • Causes of decline: Loss of large old beech trees and poor management of remaining ancient woodlands.

Hagenella clathrata - Window-winged Caddis Fly

A rare caddis fly that lives in a small number of the remaining raised bogs and heathlands in the UK.

  • Rarity: In the south of England it is only found in 2 sites.

  • Causes of decline: The drying out of their boggy habitat, the encroachment of trees into their habitat, wildfires, and the opening of tussock habitat by livestock trampling the ground.

Malacolimax tenellus - Lemon Slug

A bright yellow slug, found only in the remaining patches of ancient woodland.

  • Rarity: Unknown, but confined to ancient woodland

  • Causes of decline: Loss of ancient woodland and poor management of those that remain.

Triplax lacordairii - Southern oyster mushroom beetle

A very rare detritivorous beetle.

  • Rarity: A scattering of sites across southern England

  • Cause of decline: Loss of suitable decaying trees.

Cicindela sylvatica - Heath Tiger Beetle

The largest of the tiger beetles, charcoal-black in colour with pale yellow markings on the wing cases.

  • Rarity: 6 sites in the south of England

  • Causes of decline:.Loss of heathlands and the decline in quality of those that remain. Also may be limited by a poor ability to disperse.

Eurynebria complanata - Beachcomber Beetle

A large yellow ground beetle that lives on the strandline, predating sandhoppers and other small insects.

  • Rarity: Last seen on the Devon coast, it is believed to also survive in South Wales.

  • Causes of decline: Likely to result from overuse of beaches by people, and the removal of driftwood from beaches.

Chysolina Graminis - Tansy beetle

A spectacular, large and iridescent green leaf beetle, with a distinctive coppery sheen.

  • Rarity: It is restricted to a 45km stretch of riverbank centred on York, as well as two small areas in the Cambridgeshire Fens
     

  • Causes of decline: This species is dependent on Tansy along the River Ouse, which is becoming more scattered due to changes of land use and competition with invasive plants.

Andrena tarsata - The Tormentil Mining Bee

A small elusive, black solitary bee.

  • Rarity: It has been lost from over half of its habitat since the 1970s and the remaining Yorkshire and the South West strongholds remain under threat. 
     

  • Causes of decline: Loss of habitat, through agricultural improvement and changes in grazing management.

PLANTS TO SAVE

Asplenium septentrionale - Forked Spleenwort

A rare species of fern that has experienced a rapid decline in the South of England.

  • Rarity: Known from only 2 sites in the South of England

  • Cause of decline: Overcollecting during the Victorian period, over or under shading, and the encroachment of competing vegetation.

Carex depauperata - Starved Wood-sedge

A unique sedge, both because of its rarity and the fact it has the largest fruits of any native species.

  • Rarity: 2 sites in the south of England.

  • Cause of decline: Loss of woodland management.

Cheilothela chloropus - Rabbit Moss

A rare moss which grows in short rabbit-grazed turf and exposed limestone.

  • Rarity: A handful of locations in north Devon and Somerset

  • Cause of decline: Loss of traditional management, nutrient enrichment of soils.

Galeopsis segetum - Downy Hemp-nettle

A dramatically coloured cornfield annual, it is now feared to be extinct in the UK.

  • Rarity: Last recorded at a single site near Bangor in 1975.

  • Cause of decline: Always a rare species, the eventual disappearance of this species may have been due converstion to pasture.

Gentianella campestris - Field Gentian

A small yet striking gentian, showing one of the fastest declines of any native wildflower.

  • Rarity: Ten sites in southern England (three of which are on The Lizard in Cornwall, and four in Hampshire’s New Forest), as well as a handful of sites in Wales.

  • Cause of decline: Their decline can roughly be associated with the decline of semi-natural grasslands, due to changes in agriculture. It cannot survive in ungrazed grassland.

Lycopodiella inundata- Marsh Clubmoss

This living fossil is in fact a type of fern,belonging to a strange relict family of plants which dominated the earth millions of years ago.

  • Rarity: It occurs on just under 70 heathland sites across England, but at many of these exists at perilously low numbers.

  • Cause of decline: Loss of heathland overall, but also a decline in the specific type of habitat, wet heathland with periodically disturbed soils, on which it relies.

Melampyrum arvense - Field Cow-wheat

A hemi-parasitic member of the Figwort family, occuring in open tussocky grasslands in field boundaries. It used to grow in abundance in crops, and was known as a 'poverty weed' due to its seeds reducing the market value of corn. It has now completely vanished from arable habitats and survives in a handful of sites where open soil conditions are managed for.

  • Rarity: 4 sites, in the south of England.

  • Cause of decline: Agricultural intensification.

Dianthus armeria - Deptford Pink

An extraordinarily vivid pink flower which grows at a range of sites in England, but feared to be one of our fastest declining species.

  • Rarity: 24 sites across England an South Wales. It is feared recently extinct in Dorset and Somerset.

  • Cause of decline: Lack of management at several of its sites has led to the loss of the open conditions it requires for survival. This has combined with a decrease in animals likely to spread the seeds to greatly endanger remaining populations.

Lobelia urens - Heath Lobelia

One of our few native Lobelias, a blaze of purple found in acidic bogs.

  • Rarity: 6 sites across the south of England from Cornwall to Sussex.

  • Cause of decline: Loss of heathlands and deterioration in the biodiversity of bog habitats.

Lolium temulentum - Darnel

Once a common arable plant, Darnel experienced a severe decline at the beginning of the 20th Century.

  • Rarity: Few, if any, stable locations

  • Cause of decline: Changing agricultural practices

Phyteuma spicatum - Spiked Rampion

Sometimes referred to as the Rapunzel flower, a bellflower with a host of therapeutic properties, once used by monks.

  • Rarity: 8 sites, all in East Sussex.

  • Cause of decline: Loss of woodland management.

Polygala amarella - Dwarf Milkwort

The rarest member of the Milkworts, a perennial which grows on chalky grassland and limestone pastures.

  • Rarity:Roughly 11 sites, clustered on the Kent Downs and Lancashire fells.

  • Cause of decline: Loss of traditionally grazed pastures.