The Species Recovery Trust,

37 Albany Road, Salisbury SP1 3YQ

Tel: 01722 322539

Copyright 2019 Species Recovery Trust, All rights reserved.

Registered Charity Number 1146387

site by TAWNY

Ants

One species of ant has become extinct in England in the last 200 years.

Species: Formica pratensis (black-backed
meadow ant)
Extinct: 1988
Factors leading to extinction: Urban
development and inappropriate land
management

©Andrea Hallgass

Bees

22 species of bee have become extinct In England in the last 200 years, 18 of which are shown below. Bees are threatened by habitat loss, the use of pesticides, disease and invasive bee species.

©Pietro Niolu

Species: Andrena lepida
Extinct: 1952
Factors leading to extinction: Agricultural changes

Species: Andrena nana
Extinct: 1930

 

©Stefan Schmidt

Species: Andrena nanula
Extinct: 1877

 

Species: Andrena vaga
Extinct: 1946

 

©Stefan Schmidt

© Henk Wallays

Species: Bombus distinguendus (great yellow bumblebee)
Extinct: 1981
Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss

©Stefan Schmidt

©Göran Holmström

Species: Bombus subterraneus (short-haired bumblebee)
Extinct: 1990

Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss/degradation and agricultural changes

Species: Coelioxys afra
Extinct: 1892
Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss and changes to agricultural methods

Species: Dufourea halictula
Extinct: 1953

©Stefan Schmidt

©Stefan Schmidt

Species: Eucera nigrescens
Extinct: 1970
Factors leading to extinction: Agricultural changes and a decline in some of its food plants

Species: Halictus maculates
Extinct: 1930

© R. Proffit

©Stefan Schmidt

Species: Megachile ericetorum
Extinct: 1844

Species: Megachile lapponica
Extinct: 1847

© Christine le Fur

© Henk Wallays

Species: Melecta luctuosa
Extinct: 1912
Factors leading to extinction: Decline of its host species

Species: Nomada errans
Extinct: 1982

Factors leading to extinction: Cliff stabilisation and scrub encroachment

© Sandrine Meddou

©Stefan Schmidt

©Stefan Schmidt

Species: Osmia xanthomelana
Extinct: 1998
Factors leading to extinction: Cliff stabilisation, scrub encroachment and agricultural intensification

Species: Rhophites quinquespinosus
Extinct: 1878

©Stefan Schmidt

Beetles

78 species of beetle have become extinct in England in the last 200 years, 55 of which are shown below. Beetles are threatened by habitat loss, pollution, the intensification and expansion of agriculture and the spread of cities.

Species: Acupalpus elegans
Extinct: 1875

 

Species: Dufourea halictula
Extinct: 1912

© Lech Borowiec

© Natural History Museum

Species: Ampedus sanguineus
Extinct: 1830

Species: Anthrenus pimpinellae
Extinct: 1895

© Henk Wallays

© Henk Wallays

Species: Anthrenus scrophulariae
Extinct: 1800s

Species: Bagous arduus (longitarsis)
Extinct: 1800s

Factors leading to extinction: Water pollution

© Isidro Martínez

© Stefan Schmidt

Species: Bagous binodulus
Extinct: 1861

Factors leading to extinction: Water pollution

Species: Bagous petro
Extinct: 1895

© Lech Borowiec

© Lech Borowiec

© Lech Borowiec

Species: Bidessus minutissimus (Minutest diving beetle)
Extinct: 1908

Factors leading to extinction: Water pollution and poor river management

Species: Bostrichus capucinus
Extinct: 1908

© Costan E

Species: Bothynoderes (Chromoderus) afinis
Extinct: 1883

Species: Cardiophorus gramineus
Extinct: 1863

Factors leading to extinction: poor management

© Filip Trnka

© Eran Finkle

Species: Cardiophorus ruficollis
Extinct: 1833

Species: Ceutorhynchus syrites
Extinct: 1800s

© Josef Němec

© Lech Borowiec

Species: Chrysomela tremula
Extinct: 1958

Factors leading to extinction: Decline in coppicing

Species: Clytra laeviuscula
Extinct: 1895

© Lech Borowiec

© Cristian Arghius

© Michael Schäfer

Species: Coniocleonus hollbergi
Extinct: 1815

Species: Endophloeus markovichianus
Extinct: 1927

© Isidro Martínez

© Mick Talbot

Species: Gyrinus natator
Extinct: 1921

Species: Hister illigeri
Extinct: 1800s

© Lech Borowiec

© Vitaliy Nazarenko

Species: Hypera arundinis
Extinct: 1800s

Species: Hypocassida subferruginea
Extinct: 1800s

© Renato Nicolai

Species: Lamia textor
Extinct: 1953

© Udo Schmidt

Species: Lamprohiza splendidula
Extinct: 1884
Factors leading to extinction: Land use and agricultural changes

© Maria Justamond

Species: Lebia marginata
Extinct: 1800

Species: Lebia scapularis
Extinct: 1883

 

© Lech Borowiec

© Isidro Martínez

© Isidro Martínez

Species: Lepturobosca virens
Extinct: 1800s

Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss and land use changes

Species: Lepyrus capucinus
Extinct: 1897

© Ruth Zwiener

Lixus angustatus nec algirus.jpg

Species: Lixus angustatus nec algirus
Extinct: 1928

Species: Lixus paraplecticus
Extinct: 1958
Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss and modification

© Pietro Niolu

© Juergen Mangelsdorf

Lixus vilis.jpg

Species: Lixus angustatus nec algirus
Extinct: 1905

© Josef Dvořák

Species: Meligethes coracinus
Extinct: 1870s

© Lech Borowiec

Meloe autumnalis.jpg

Species: Meloe autumnalis
Extinct: 1952
Factors leading to extinction: Changes in land management

© Isidro Martínez

Species: Meloe cicatricosus
Extinct: 1906
Factors leading to extinction: Changes in land management

© Lech Borowiec

Species: Meloe mediterraneus
Extinct: 1800s
Factors leading to extinction: Changes in land management

Species: Meloe variegatus
Extinct: 1882
Factors leading to extinction: Changes in land management

© Stanislav Shinkarenkov

© Isidro Martínez

© Michael Thomas

Species: Murmidius ovalis
Extinct: 1831
Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss and land use changes

Species: Mycterus curculioides
Extinct: 1882

© Isidro Martínez

Species: Obrium cantharinum
Extinct: 1929
Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss and land use changes

© Lech Borowiec

Species: Paederidus rubrothoracicus
Extinct: 1870

© Henk Wallays

Species: Philonthus confinis
Extinct: 1902

Species: Phloeophagus gracilis
Extinct: 1897
Factors leading to extinction: Land use changes

© Lech Borowiec

© Friedhelm Bahr

© Stanislav Shinkarenko

Species: Plagionotus arcuatus
Extinct: 1800s

Species: Platycerus caraboides (Blue stag beetle)
Extinct: 1839

© Stanislav Shinkarenko

© Lech Borowiec

Species: Pleurophorus caesus
Extinct: 1890

Species: Polyphylla fullo
Extinct: mid-1800s

© Jaroslaw Makowski

Species: Pterostichus aterrimus
Extinct: 1973
Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss and degradation

Species: Rhynchites bacchus
Extinct: 1843

© Roy Anderson

© Juraj Komar

Species: Rhyssemus germanus
Extinct: 1800s
Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss and poor management

Species: Rhynchites bacchus
Extinct: 1843

© Lech Borowiec

© Udo Schmidt

Species: Strangalia attenuata
Extinct: 1845

Species: Tilloidea unifasciatus
Extinct: 1877

© Lech Borowiec

© Siga

Species: Trichodes alvearius
Extinct: 1800s

Species: Trichodes apiarius
Extinct: 1830

© Jane Aston

© Walwyn - professor-moriarty.com

Species: Tychius polylineatus
Extinct: 1909

© Lech Borowiec

Birds

Seven species of bird have become extinct in England in the last 200 years, six of which are shown below. Birds are threatened by habitat loss, human disturbance, agriculture and hunting.

Species: Charadrius alexandrines (Kentish plover)
Extinct: 1928
Factors leading to extinction: Human disturbance

Species: Chlidonias niger (Black tern)
Extinct: 1840s-1850s
Factors leading to extinction: Loss of wetlands

© Francis Yap

© Andrew Jordan

Species: Ciconia ciconia (White stork)
Extinct: Unknown
Factors leading to extinction: There is no clear understanding of why this bird failed to survive in the UK.

Species: Chlidonias niger (Black tern)
Extinct: 1840s-1850s
Factors leading to extinction: Loss of wetlands

© Henrique Oliveira Pires

Species: Lanius collurio (Red-backed shrike)
Extinct: 1988
Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss, agricultural intensification and egg collecting

Species: Otis tarda (Great bustard)
Extinct: 1833
Factors leading to extinction: Expansion and intensification of agriculture

Species: Pinguinus impennis (Great auk)
Extinct: 1820s
Factors leading to extinction: Hunting

Butterflies

Five species of butterfly have become extinct in England in the last 200 years. Butterflies are threatened by the intensification and mechanisation of agriculture, changes in land management, and the use of both pesticides and herbicides.

pecies: Aporia crataegi (Black-veined white)
Extinct: 1890s-1920s
Factors leading to extinction: Numbers crashed during a prolonged wet period

Species: Carterocephalus palaemon (Chequered skipper)
Extinct: 1976
Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss and neglect

Species: Cyaniris semiargus (Mazarine blue)
Extinct: 1903
Factors leading to extinction: Changes in agricultural practices

Species: Carterocephalus palaemon (Chequered skipper)
Extinct: 1976
Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss and neglect

Species: Nymphalis polychloros (Large tortoiseshell)
Extinct: c1953
Factors leading to extinction: Dutch elm disease eradicated main larval food source