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One species of ant has become extinct in England in the last 200 years.

Formica pratensis (black-backed meadow a

Species: Formica pratensis (black-backed
meadow ant)
Extinct: 1988
Factors leading to extinction: Urban
development and inappropriate land

©Andrea Hallgass


22 species of bee have become extinct In England in the last 200 years, 16 of which are shown below. Bees are threatened by habitat loss, the use of pesticides, disease and invasive bee species.

Andrena lepida.jpg

©Pietro Niolu

Species: Andrena lepida
Extinct: 1952
Factors leading to extinction: Agricultural changes

Andrena nana.jpg

Species: Andrena nana
Extinct: 1930


©Stefan Schmidt

Andrena nanula.jpg

Species: Andrena nanula
Extinct: 1877


Andrena vaga.jpg

Species: Andrena vaga
Extinct: 1946


©Stefan Schmidt

© Henk Wallays

Bombus distinguendus (great yellow bumbl

Species: Bombus distinguendus (great yellow bumblebee)
Extinct: 1981
Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss

©Stefan Schmidt

Bombus subterraneus (short-haired bumble

©Göran Holmström

Species: Bombus subterraneus (short-haired bumblebee)
Extinct: 1990

Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss/degradation and agricultural changes

Coelioxys afra.jpg

Species: Coelioxys afra
Extinct: 1892
Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss and changes to agricultural methods

Dufourea halictula.jpg

Species: Dufourea halictula
Extinct: 1953

©Stefan Schmidt

©Stefan Schmidt

Eucera nigrescens.jpg

Species: Eucera nigrescens
Extinct: 1970
Factors leading to extinction: Agricultural changes and a decline in some of its food plants

Halictus maculates.jpg

Species: Halictus maculates
Extinct: 1930

© R. Proffit

©Stefan Schmidt

Megachile ericetorum.jpg

Species: Megachile ericetorum
Extinct: 1844

Megachile lapponica.jpg

Species: Megachile lapponica
Extinct: 1847

© Christine le Fur

© Henk Wallays

Melecta luctuosa.jpg

Species: Melecta luctuosa
Extinct: 1912
Factors leading to extinction: Decline of its host species

Nomada errans.jpg

Species: Nomada errans
Extinct: 1982

Factors leading to extinction: Cliff stabilisation and scrub encroachment

© Sandrine Meddou

©Stefan Schmidt

Osmia xanthomelana.jpg

©Stefan Schmidt

Species: Osmia xanthomelana
Extinct: 1998
Factors leading to extinction: Cliff stabilisation, scrub encroachment and agricultural intensification

Rhophites quinquespinosus.jpg

Species: Rhophites quinquespinosus
Extinct: 1878

©Stefan Schmidt


78 species of beetle have become extinct in England in the last 200 years, 55 of which are shown below. Beetles are threatened by habitat loss, pollution, the intensification and expansion of agriculture and the spread of cities.

Acupalpus elegans_edited.jpg

Species: Acupalpus elegans
Extinct: 1875


Aglyptinus agathidioides_edited.jpg

Species: Aglyptinus agathidioides
Extinct: 1912


© Lech Borowiec

© Natural History Museum

Ampedus sanguineus.jpg

Species: Ampedus sanguineus
Extinct: 1830

Anthrenus pimpinellae.jpg

Species: Anthrenus pimpinellae
Extinct: 1895

© Henk Wallays

© Henk Wallays

Anthrenus scrophulariae.jpg

Species: Anthrenus scrophulariae
Extinct: 1800s

Bagous arduus (longitarsis)_edited.jpg

Species: Bagous arduus (longitarsis)
Extinct: 1800s

Factors leading to extinction: Water pollution

© Isidro Martínez

© Stefan Schmidt

Bagous binodulus_edited.jpg

Species: Bagous binodulus
Extinct: 1861

Factors leading to extinction: Water pollution

Bagous petro_edited.jpg

Species: Bagous petro
Extinct: 1895

© Lech Borowiec

© Lech Borowiec

Bidessus minutissimus (Minutest diving b

Species: Bidessus minutissimus (Minutest diving beetle)
Extinct: 1908

Factors leading to extinction: Water pollution and poor river management

Bostrichus capucinus_edited.jpg

Species: Bostrichus capucinus
Extinct: 1908

© Lech Borowiec

© Costan E

Bothynoderes (Chromoderus) afinis.jpg

Species: Bothynoderes (Chromoderusafinis
Extinct: 1883

Cardiophorus gramineus.jpg

Species: Cardiophorus gramineus
Extinct: 1863

Factors leading to extinction: poor management

© Filip Trnka

© Eran Finkle

Cardiophorus ruficollis.jpg

Species: Cardiophorus ruficollis
Extinct: 1833

Ceutorhynchus syrites_edited.jpg

Species: Ceutorhynchus syrites
Extinct: 1800s

© Josef Němec

© Lech Borowiec

Chrysomela tremula_edited.jpg

Species: Chrysomela tremula
Extinct: 1958

Factors leading to extinction: Decline in coppicing

Clytra laeviuscula.jpg

Species: Clytra laeviuscula
Extinct: 1895

© Lech Borowiec

© Cristian Arghius

Coniocleonus hollbergi.jpg

© Michael Schäfer

Species: Coniocleonus hollbergi
Extinct: 1815

Endophloeus markovichianus.jpg

Species: Endophloeus markovichianus
Extinct: 1927

© Isidro Martínez

Gyrinus natator.jpg

© Mick Talbot

Species: Gyrinus natator
Extinct: 1921

Factors leading to extinction: Habitat succession

Hister illigeri_edited.jpg

Species: Hister illigeri
Extinct: 1800s

© Lech Borowiec

Hypera arundinis.jpg

© Vitaliy Nazarenko

Species: Hypera arundinis
Extinct: 1800s

Hypocassida subferruginea.jpg

Species: Hypocassida subferruginea
Extinct: 1800s

© Renato Nicolai

Lamia textor.jpg

Species: Lamia textor
Extinct: 1953

Lamprohiza splendidula.jpg

© Udo Schmidt

Species: Lamprohiza splendidula
Extinct: 1884
Factors leading to extinction: Land use and agricultural changes

© Maria Justamond

Lebia marginata_edited.jpg

Species: Lebia marginata
Extinct: 1800

Lebia scapularis.jpg

Species: Lebia scapularis
Extinct: 1883


© Lech Borowiec

© Isidro Martínez

Lepturobosca virens.jpg

© Isidro Martínez

Species: Lepturobosca virens
Extinct: 1800s

Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss and land use changes

Lepyrus capucinus.jpg

Species: Lepyrus capucinus
Extinct: 1897

© Ruth Zwiener

Lixus angustatus nec algirus.jpg

Species: Lixus angustatus nec algirus
Extinct: 1928

Lixus paraplecticus.jpg

Species: Lixus paraplecticus
Extinct: 1958
Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss and modification

© Pietro Niolu

© Juergen Mangelsdorf

Lixus vilis.jpg

Species: Lixus vilis
Extinct: 1905

© Josef Dvořák

Meligethes coracinus_edited.jpg

Species: Meligethes coracinus
Extinct: 1870s

© Lech Borowiec

Meloe autumnalis.jpg

Species: Meloe autumnalis
Extinct: 1952
Factors leading to extinction: Changes in land management

© Isidro Martínez

Meloe cicatricosus.jpg

Species: Meloe cicatricosus
Extinct: 1906
Factors leading to extinction: Changes in land management

© Lech Borowiec

Meloe mediterraneus.jpg

Species: Meloe mediterraneus
Extinct: 1800s
Factors leading to extinction: Changes in land management

Meloe variegatus.jpg

Species: Meloe variegatus
Extinct: 1882
Factors leading to extinction: Changes in land management

© Stanislav Shinkarenkov

© Isidro Martínez

Murmidius ovalis_edited.jpg

© Michael Thomas

Species: Murmidius ovalis
Extinct: 1831
Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss and land use changes

Mycterus curculioides.jpg

Species: Mycterus curculioides
Extinct: 1882

© Isidro Martínez

Obrium cantharinum.jpg

Species: Obrium cantharinum
Extinct: 1929
Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss and land use changes

Paederus rubrothoracicus_edited.jpg

© Lech Borowiec

Species: Paederidus rubrothoracicus
Extinct: 1870

© Henk Wallays

Philonthus confinis_edited.jpg

Species: Philonthus confinis
Extinct: 1902

Phloeophagus gracilis_edited.jpg

Species: Phloeophagus gracilis
Extinct: 1897
Factors leading to extinction: Land use changes

© Lech Borowiec

© Friedhelm Bahr

Plagionotus arcuatus.jpg

© Stanislav Shinkarenko

Species: Plagionotus arcuatus
Extinct: 1800s

Platycerus caraboides (Blue stag beetle)

Species: Platycerus caraboides (Blue stag beetle)
Extinct: 1839

© Stanislav Shinkarenko

Pleurophorus caesus_edited.jpg

© Lech Borowiec

Species: Pleurophorus caesus
Extinct: 1890

Polyphylla fullo.jpg

Species: Polyphylla fullo
Extinct: mid-1800s

© Jaroslaw Makowski

Pterostichus aterrimus.jpg

Species: Pterostichus aterrimus
Extinct: 1973
Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss and degradation

Rhynchites bacchus.jpg

Species: Rhynchites bacchus
Extinct: 1843

© Roy Anderson

© Juraj Komar

Rhyssemus germanus_edited.jpg

Species: Rhyssemus germanus
Extinct: 1800s
Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss and poor management

Spercheus emarginatus.jpg

Species: Spercheus emarginatus
Extinct: 1956
Factors leading to extinction: Loss of fenland habitat

© Lech Borowiec

© Udo Schmidt

Strangalia attenuata.jpg

Species: Strangalia attenuata
Extinct: 1845

Tilloidea unifasciatus_edited.jpg

Species: Tilloidea unifasciatus
Extinct: 1877

© Lech Borowiec

© Siga

Trichodes alvearius_edited.jpg

Species: Trichodes alvearius
Extinct: 1800s

Trichodes apiarius_edited.jpg

Species: Trichodes apiarius
Extinct: 1830

© Jane Aston

© Walwyn -

Tychius polylineatus_edited.jpg

Species: Tychius polylineatus
Extinct: 1909

© Lech Borowiec


Seven species of bird have become extinct in England in the last 200 years. Birds are threatened by habitat loss, human disturbance, agriculture and hunting.

Charadrius alexandrines (Kentish plover)

Species: Charadrius alexandrines (Kentish plover)
Extinct: 1928
Factors leading to extinction: Human disturbance

Chlidonias niger (Black tern).jpg

Species: Chlidonias niger (Black tern)
Extinct: 1840s-1850s
Factors leading to extinction: Loss of wetlands

© Francis Yap

© Andrew Jordan

Ciconia ciconia (White stork).jpg

Species: Ciconia ciconia (White stork)
Extinct: Unknown
Factors leading to extinction: There is no clear understanding of why this bird failed to survive in the UK.

Crex crex (Corncrake).jpg

Species: Crex crex (Corncrake)
Extinct: Early 1990s
Factors leading to extinction: The mechanisation of mowing and the earlier mowing of grass crops

© Henrique Oliveira Pires

Lanius collurio (Red-backed shrike).jpg

Species: Lanius collurio (Red-backed shrike)
Extinct: 1988
Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss, agricultural intensification and egg collecting

Otis tarda (Great bustard).jpg

Species: Otis tarda (Great bustard)
Extinct: 1833
Factors leading to extinction: Expansion and intensification of agriculture

Pinguinus impennis (Great auk).jpg

Species: Pinguinus impennis (Great auk)
Extinct: 1820s
Factors leading to extinction: Hunting


Five species of butterfly have become extinct in England in the last 200 years. Butterflies are threatened by the intensification and mechanisation of agriculture, changes in land management, and the use of both pesticides and herbicides.

Aporia crataegi (Black-veined white).jpg

Species: Aporia crataegi (Black-veined white)
Extinct: 1890s-1920s
Factors leading to extinction: Numbers crashed during a prolonged wet period

Carterocephalus palaemon (Chequered skip

Species: Carterocephalus palaemon (Chequered skipper)
Extinct: 1976
Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss and neglect

Cyaniris semiargus (Mazarine blue).jpg

Species: Cyaniris semiargus (Mazarine blue)
Extinct: 1903
Factors leading to extinction: Changes in agricultural practices

Lycaena dispar (Large copper).jpg

Species: Lycaena dispar (Large copper)
Extinct: 1864
Factors leading to extinction: The draining of the fens where it used to breed

Nymphalis polychloros (Large tortoiseshe

Species: Nymphalis polychloros (Large tortoiseshell)
Extinct: c1953
Factors leading to extinction: Dutch elm disease eradicated main larval food source

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