The Species Recovery Trust,

37 Albany Road, Salisbury SP1 3YQ

Tel: 01722 322539

Copyright 2019 Species Recovery Trust, All rights reserved.

Registered Charity Number 1146387

site by TAWNY

Sawflies

Six species of sawfly have become extinct in England in the last 200 years, five of which are shown below.

Species: Cimbex quadrimaculatus
Extinct: 1800s

Species: Corynis crassicornis
Extinct: early 1800s

© Ferran Turmo Gort

© Libor Hudík

Species: Corynis obscura
Extinct: early 1800s

Species: Megalodontes cephalotes
Extinct: early 1800s

© Libor Hudík

© Cor Zonneveld

Species: Strongylogaster filicis
Extinct: 1873

© Stefan Schmidt

Shrimps

Two species of shrimp have gone extinct in England in the last 200 years.

Species: Artemia salina (Brine shrimp)
Extinct: 1907
Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss

Species: Mysis relicta
Extinct: 1952/1953

© Xavier Patinyo i Vidal Patinyo

© Jaap Cost Budde

Snails

Two species of snail have become extinct in England in the last 200 years, one of which is shown below

Species: Fruticicola fruticum
Extinct: c1950

© Michael Becker

© Ferran Turmo Gort

Species: Gibbaranea bituberculata
Extinct: 1954
Factors leading to extinction: The vegetation at the last remaining site was mown to the ground in 1954.

Species: Hypsosinga heri
Extinct: 1912
Factors leading to extinction: Land drainage

© Jaume Bobet

Spiders

Four species of spider have become extinct in England in the last 200 years, three of which are shown below. Spiders are threatened by habitat modification.

Species: Mastigusa arietina
Extinct: 1926
Factors leading to extinction: Loss of over-mature trees

© Frits Broekhuis

Species: Nitella gracilis (Slender stonewort)
Extinct: 1914
Factors leading to extinction: Pollution

Species: Tolypella nidifica (Bird’s nest stonewort)
Extinct: 1956
Factors leading to extinction: Decline in water quality

© Aurélie Rey-Boissezon

© Dirk Schories

Stoneworts

Four species of stonewort have become extinct in England over the last 200 years, two of which are shown below. Stoneworts are threatened by pollution, habitat loss and poor land and water management

Vascular plants

24 species of vascular plant have become extinct in England in the last 200 years, 18 of which are shown below. Vascular plants are threatened by habitat loss and destruction, drainage, the use of fertilisers and herbicides, eutrophication, overgrazing and overcollecting.

Species: Ajuga genevensis (Blue bugle)
Extinct: 1967

Species: Arnoseris minima (Lamb's succory)
Extinct: 1970
Factors leading to extinction: Increased use of fertilisers and herbicides

© Aurélie Rey-Boissezon

© Dirk Schories