Sawflies

Six species of sawfly have become extinct in England in the last 200 years, five of which are shown below.

Cimbex quadrimaculatus.jpg

Species: Cimbex quadrimaculatus
Extinct: 1800s

Corynis crassicornis.jpg

Species: Corynis crassicornis
Extinct: early 1800s

© Ferran Turmo Gort

© Libor Hudík

Corynis obscura.jpg

Species: Corynis obscura
Extinct: early 1800s

Megalodontes cephalotes.jpg

Species: Megalodontes cephalotes
Extinct: early 1800s

© Libor Hudík

© Cor Zonneveld

Strongylogaster filicis.jpg

Species: Strongylogaster filicis
Extinct: 1873

© Stefan Schmidt

Shrimps

Two species of shrimp have gone extinct in England in the last 200 years.

Artemia salina (Brine shrimp).jpg

Species: Artemia salina (Brine shrimp)
Extinct: 1907
Factors leading to extinction: Habitat loss

Mysis relicta.jpg

Species: Mysis relicta
Extinct: 1952/1953

© Xavier Patinyo i Vidal Patinyo

© Jaap Cost Budde

Snails

Two species of snail have become extinct in England in the last 200 years, one of which is shown below

Fruticicola fruticum.jpg

Species: Fruticicola fruticum
Extinct: c1950

© Michael Becker

Gibbaranea bituberculata.jpg

© Ferran Turmo Gort

Species: Gibbaranea bituberculata
Extinct: 1954
Factors leading to extinction: The vegetation at the last remaining site was mown to the ground in 1954.

Hypsosinga heri.jpg

Species: Hypsosinga heri
Extinct: 1912
Factors leading to extinction: Land drainage

© Jaume Bobet

Spiders

Four species of spider have become extinct in England in the last 200 years, three of which are shown below. Spiders are threatened by habitat modification.

Mastigusa arietina.jpg

Species: Mastigusa arietina
Extinct: 1926
Factors leading to extinction: Loss of over-mature trees

© Frits Broekhuis

Nitella gracilis (Slender stonewort).jpg

Species: Nitella gracilis (Slender stonewort)
Extinct: 1914
Factors leading to extinction: Pollution

Tolypella_nidifica_(Bird’s_nest_stonewor

Species: Tolypella nidifica (Bird’s nest stonewort)
Extinct: 1956
Factors leading to extinction: Decline in water quality

© Aurélie Rey-Boissezon

© Dirk Schories

Stoneworts

Four species of stonewort have become extinct in England over the last 200 years, two of which are shown below. Stoneworts are threatened by pollution, habitat loss and poor land and water management