Species Recovery Trust
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The Species

Our aim is to save fifty species by the year 2050. Scroll down to find out more about the species and our work on them.

Animals

NFC

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Cicadetta montana - New Forest Cicada

Common in the rest of Europe this Cicada is the last of its kind in the UK.

  • Rarity: Now confined to the New Forest in Hampshire, with some concerns for its continued existence.
  • Cause of decline: Change in habitat and weather patterns. Extreme isolation of remaining populations.

Decticus verrucivorus

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Decticus verrucivorus - Wart-biter

A large dark green cricket with visible dark blotches on the upper body.

  • Rarity: In Great Britain it is extremely localised and restricted to southern England where just four populations are now known.
  • Cause of decline:The animals require a complex mixture of bare ground and long and short turf – either on chalk downland or heathland. Both these habitats, and the forms of management which produce these specific conditions have declined, along with several insects that rely on them.

Erotides cosnardi

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Erotides cosnardi - Cosnard's Net-winged Beetle

A rare saproxylic beetle, found only in the Wye Gorge/Forest of Dean area and the South Downs.

  • Rarity: 3 sites in England and Wales
  • Causes of decline: Loss of large old beech trees and poor management of remaining ancient woodlands.
Spiny seahorse Seahorse Trust logo
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Hippocampus guttulatus - Spiny Seahorse

The Spiny Seahorse is believed to be declining rapidly in the UK. We are working in collaboration with the Seahorse Trust to try to reverse this decline.

  • Rarity: Found in Coastal waters of the UK and Europe, but number of sites is unknown.
  • Causes of decline: Loss of habitat and habitat degradation.

 

Melandrya barbata

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Melandrya barbata - Bearded False Darkling-beetle

A saprophytic beetle, which may now be confined to the New Forest.

  • Rarity: Unknown
  • Cause of decline: Lack of dead wood habitat, and total loss of sites to development.

Triplax lacordairii

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Triplax lacordairii - Southern oyster mushroom beetle

A very rare detritivorous beetle

  • Rarity: A scattering of sites across southern England
  • Cause of decline: Loss of suitable decaying trees.

Plants

Asplenium septentrionale

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Asplenium septentrionale - Forked Spleenwort

A rare species of fern that has experienced a rapid decline in the South of England.

  • Rarity: Known from only 2 sites in the South of England
  • Cause of decline: Overcollecting during the Victorian period, over or under shading, and the encroachment of competing vegetation.

Cd

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Carex depauperata - Starved Wood-sedge

A unique sedge, both because of its rarity and the fact it has the largest fruits of any native species.

  • Rarity: 2 sites in the south of England.
  • Cause of decline: Loss of woodland management.
Chenopodium urbicum

Chenopodium urbicum - Upright Goosefoot

A rare arable plant which was introduced to Britain in ancient times.

  • Rarity: Few, if any, stable locations
  • Cause of decline: Changing agricultural practices.

Dianthus armeria

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Dianthus armeria - Deptford Pink

An extraordinarily vivid pink flower which grows at a range of sites in England, but feared to be one of our fastest declining species.

  • Rarity: 24 sites across England an South Wales. It is feared recently extinct in Dorset and Somerset.
  • Cause of decline: Lack of management at several of its sites has led to the loss of the open conditions it requires for survival. This has combined with a decrease in animals likely to spread the seeds to greatly endanger remaining populations.

Gentianella campestris

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Gentianella campestris - Field Gentian

A small yet striking gentian, showing one of the fastest declines of any native wildflower.

  • Rarity: Ten sites in southern England (three of which are on The Lizard in Cornwall, and four in Hampshire’s New Forest), as well as a handful of sites in Wales.
  • Cause of decline: Their decline can roughly be associated with the decline of semi-natural grasslands, due to changes in agriculture. It cannot survive in ungrazed grassland.

Lobelia urens

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Lobelia urens - Heath Lobelia

One of our few native Lobelias, a blaze of purple found in acidic bogs.

  • Rarity: 6 sites across the south of England from Cornwall to Sussex.
  • Cause of decline: Loss of heathlands and deterioration in the biodiversity of bog habitats.
Lolium temulentum

Lolium temulentum - Darnel

Once a common arable plant, Darnel experienced a severe decline at the beginning of the 20th Century.

  • Rarity: Few, if any, stable locations
  • Cause of decline: Changing agricultural practices

 

Lycopodiella inundata

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Lycopodiella inundata- Marsh Clubmoss

This living fossil is in fact a type of fern,belonging to a strange relict family of plants which dominated the earth millions of years ago.

  • Rarity: It occurs on just under 70 heathland sites across England, but at many of these exists at perilously low numbers.
  • Cause of decline: Loss of heathland overall, but also a decline in the specific type of habitat, wet heathland with periodically disturbed soils, on which it relies.

Melampyrum arvense - Field Cow-wheat

A hemi-parasitic member of the Figwort family, occuring in open tussocky grasslands in field boundaries. It used to grow in abundance in crops, and was known as a 'poverty weed' due to its seeds reducing the market value of corn. It has now completely vanished from arable habitats and survives in a handful of sites where open soil conditions are managed for.

  • Rarity: 4 sites, in the south of England.
  • Cause of decline: Agricultural intensification.

Phyteuma spicatum

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Phyteuma spicatum - Spiked Rampion

Sometimes referred to as the Rapunzel flower, a bellflower with a host of therapeutic properties, once used by monks.

  • Rarity: 8 sites, all in East Sussex.
  • Cause of decline: Loss of woodland management.

Polygala amarella

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Polygala amarella - Dwarf Milkwort

The rarest member of the Milkworts, a perennial which grows on chalky grassland and limestone pastures.

  • Rarity:Roughly 11 sites, clustered on the Kent Downs and Lancashire fells.
  • Cause of decline: Loss of traditionally grazed pastures.

 

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